FIRST SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FAST MARCH 5, 2017

7 03 2017

Saturday, Mar. 4
4:00 PM ✞Ihor Pacicznyk – Olympia Pasicznyk

Sunday, March 5 FIRST SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FAST
8:30 AM God’s Blessings and Good Health for all Parishioner
4:00 PM Stations of the Cross – SS Peter & Paul, Wilkes-Barre, PA
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Wednesday, March 8
6:30 PM Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts at Nanticoke, PA
Friday, March 10
4:00 PM Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts at Plymouth, PA
Saturday, March 11
4:00 PM God’s Blessings for Good Health on Father Walter and
Paul Nicholas Pasicznyk –
By their Mother Olympia Pasicznyk
Sunday, March 12 SECOND SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FAST
8:30 AM God’s Blessings and Good Health for all Parishioners
4:00 PM Stations of the Cross – SS Peter & Paul, U.C.C. Plymouth, PA

PRAYERS: Please remember in your prayers the sick of the parish. If you have anyone in the hospital or nursing home you should inform Father Walter.
Remember to pray for Ron Kachinko who was in the hospital and going through a difficult time.

THE SUNDAY OF ORTHODOXY

The first Sunday of the Great Fast is called the Sunday of Orthodoxy. What do we mean by “orthodoxy”? The word “orthodoxy” stems from the Greek word “orthodoxia” (orthos=straight or right; doksa=opinion) which signifies the true faith and the true worship of God. We are not speaking here of orthodoxy as we understand it today as being opposed to the Catholic Church, but orthodoxy, as applied to the whole Church of Christ until the schism between the Western and Eastern Churches which occurred in the eleventh century under the patriarch Cerularius (1054). The orthodoxy that we celebrate this Sunday is universal-catholic orthodoxy, professed by the entire Church of Christ of the first centuries in the battle against the heresy of Iconoclasm (Gr – eikon=image; klastes=a breaker; – an image breaking heresy) which was perpetrated by the Western Church over the Eastern Church. The Sunday of Orthodoxy is a festival for the whole Church, both Eastern and Western. It is the festive celebration of the decisive victory over Iconoclasm and other heresies.
The purpose of this feast is to pay solemn public homage and veneration to the holy icons of Jesus Christ, the Blessed Mother of God, and all the Saints.
The Church of Christ deeply respects and honors the holy icons as it also does holy relics. She places them in church for public veneration and recommends that we venerate them privately in our homes, and wear small icons around our necks in the form of little crosses or medals for indeed all icons are windows into Heaven.

THE GREAT FAST
Although our time has brought with it many changes in church practice, traditions, and discipline, and rules for fasting have been eased, nevertheless, the Forty Days Fast still has significance for our life. For various reasons today we may find it difficult to fast in the same way as our ancestors; yet even today we are obliged to fast – that is, we are obliged to refrain from sin, and from giving in to our evil inclinations. We are also obliged to pray and to practice virtue and good deeds. In reality then, the most important goal of the Great Fast is our spiritual renewal remembering that Jesus Christ taught us the way to cast out demons and sin is through prayer and fasting.
The Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts:
A typical Lenten service is the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts. Already in the first centuries there was a custom during the Forty Days Fast to omit the celebration of the Divine Liturgy because, at that time, it was still linked with agape, sacrificial love, a giving love, that is the love banquet, and this was not in keeping with the spirit of fasting. Furthermore, the Divine Liturgy is a joyful mystery; for this reason, its celebration was limited to Sunday. On the other days of the week to give the faithful an opportunity to receive Holy Communion, the Divine Liturgy was replaced by the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts which developed in time and is in essence Vespers with Eucharist attached, the Eucharist received having been sanctified on Sunday and reserved for reception during the week; hence, there is no consecration of the Body and Blood of Christ. Hence, the name of Presanctified Gifts. This is a Liturgy in the sense of the word because liturgy means “public work” and this prayer service is a public work.
The Council of Laodicia (c.364) prescribed: “It is not permitted during the Great Fast to offer up the Bread (that is the Consecration), except on Saturday and Sunday” (rule 49). The Sixth Ecumenical Council of Trullo (691) decreed: “On all the days of the Great Fast, with the exception of Saturday and Sunday, and the feast of the Annunciation, the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts must be celebrated. “ (rule 52).

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SUNDAY LITURGIES DURING LENT:
WHY DO THEY SEEM LONGER?

Our Byzantine Church prescribes that the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great is to be celebrated on all of the Sundays of The Great Fast, replacing that of St. John Chrysostom, which is usually celebrated throughout the rest of the year.  St. Basil’s Anaphora is older and has longer priestly prayers than that of St. John Chrysostom (which was derived from St. Basil), and is celebrated ten times during the church year:  the five Sundays of Lent (not Palm Sunday), Holy Thursday, Holy Saturday, Christmas Eve, Epiphany Eve, and on the Feast of St. Basil which we celebrate on January 1.
HAPPY BIRTHDAY: We extend our best wishes to our Pastor Father Walter on his Birthday Tuesday, March 7th. Mnohya Lita! May you have many more happy, healthy years.

SANCTUARY LIGHT: The Sanctuary Light is requested to burn this week Mar. 4 – 11 by Halloway Family in memory of Mother Catherine Halloway.

LOTTERY FOR MAY: It is time for our May Lottery tickets. Mike Sinko had the tickets printed and ready for distribution. Please, if you can take a few to sell it would be a great help as we are missing a few of our sellers. Ask your family and friends to purchase a chance to win.

NEED YOUR HELP: The Stations of the Cross is scheduled for our Parish next Sunday at 4:00 PM. We are asking our good dessert makers for help to serve the fellowship that follows the service. Please, if at all possible try to bake or make any dessert you would like, it will be greatly appreciated.

AFTER EASTER DINNER: Plans are in the process for having our After Easter Dinner on Sunday, May 7th. The dinner usually called Svachene will be a little different. Instead of the Piggies, ham, etc. the plans are in the making of having a Roast Beef dinner served. This is a nice day to get the Parish family together. Keep this date opened for you to attend. Further information will be published.

FOOD SALE: St. Nicholas Ukrainian Church, Glen Lyon is holding a Vegetable Soup, Turkey & Italian Hoagie sale at $5 each on Thursday, March 16, 2017 from 11:00 AM to 5:00 PM in the church hall. Place your order by calling Debbie





CHEESEFARE SUNDAY February 26, 2017

7 03 2017

Saturday, Feb. 25
4:00 PM ✞Theresa Phillips – Janet Golasewski

Sunday, Feb. 26 CHEESEFARE SUNDAY
8:30 AM God’s Blessings and Good Health for all Parishioners
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Wednesday, Mar. 1
6:30 PM Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts, Nanticoke, PA

Friday, Mar. 3
4;00 PM Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts

Saturday, Mar. 4
4:00 PM ✞Ihor Pacicznyk – Olympia Pasicznyk

Sunday, Mar. 5 FIRST SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FAST
8:30 AM God’s Blessings and Good Health for all Parishioners

According to Byzantine tradition, the Lenten discipline consists of three separate parts:
1.) Corporal or External Fast, including the abstinence from certain foods, drink and
amusements 
2.) Spiritual or Internal Fast, which consists of abstinence from “all evil” -sin
3.) Spiritual Renewal achieved by the practice of virtues and good works.

Corporal fast, also called ascetical fast developed mostly under the influence of monastic discipline and became very rigid, as ascribed by St. Theodore Studite (d. 826): “During the Great Fast, we eat only once at about the ninth hour (3:00 P.M) taking only dry food and vegetables without oil; we do not drink wine, either; except on Saturday and Sunday, when we are also permitted to eat fish. St. Theodore, who followed a moderate monastic discipline, gives the following advice: “Concerning the quantity and quality of food, you should fast as much as your body can endure”. The same principal should be replied today since our Lenten Regulations prescribe only a token fasting.
In order to create a prayerful atmosphere during Lent, the Fathers insisted on a complete abstinence from all kinds of amusements, i.e. music, dances, parties during Lent and St. John Chrysostom chastised those who during the Great Fast “dared to attend horse-races”. This point of fast should be stressed today with the mania of entertainment besetting our generation.

Spiritual or Internal Fast, which is the abstinence from all sin and evil (especially from serious sin) in the most essential part of the fast. St. John Chrysostom taught the “value of fasting consists not so much in abstinence from food but rather in withdrawal from sinful practices. St. Basil the Great explains: “Turning away from all wickedness means keeping our tongue in check, restraining our anger, suppressing evil desires, and avoiding all gossip, lying and swearing. To abstain from these things herein lies the true value of fast!”

Spiritual Renewal, with the practice of the virtues and doing good works, must be the main objective of our fasting as suggested by St. Basil in his homily of fasting: “Accept fast as an experienced educator by whom the Church teaches piety”.

The Great Fast
Fast is one of the oldest and most venerable practices in the Church, which came to us through an interrupted tradition (St Basil, Horn on Fast I, S). The Great Fast can be described as a forty-day period of prayer, penance, and spiritual exercises in preparation for the proper celebration of Easter.
The Great Fast, as we know it today, is the result of a most complicated historical development, not all stages of which have been sufficiently explained. It seems that in the second century, the Church knew only a very short fast (a day or two) before the Pasch. During the third century the pre-paschal fast was extended to the entire week known to us as the Passion or Holy Week. The first mention of the Forty Days Fast is made in the fifth canon of the Council of Nicaea (325). From that time, the Forty Days Fast is discussed by many Church Fathers and St. Athanasius (d. 373) does not hesitate to say: “Anyone who neglects to observe the Forty Days Fast is not worthy to celebrate the Easter Festival’ (cf. Festal Letters XIX, 9)
The Synod of Laodicaea (about 360) imposed the strict obligation of fasting for forty days before Easter for the first time. By the end of the fourth century, the Great Fast, known to the Greeks as the “Tessaracoste” (forty Days) and the Romans as ‘Quadragesima”, was generally observed by the entire Church.
Originally, the forty-day period was computed from Good Friday, the day the Pasch of Crucifixion was celebrated, and then extended to six weeks. In Constantinople, when they transferred the solemn Baptism from Easter to the Saturday of Lazarus, the Lenten season of preparation also had to be anticipated by one week. Thus, according to the Byzantine practice, the Great Fast began seven weeks before Easter and ended on the Friday before the Saturday of Lazarus. At the Vespers of Lazarus we sing: “We have concluded the beneficial Forty Days (Lent) and we implore You, 0 Lover of Mankind, make us see the Holy Week of Your Passion and praise Your work (of redemption).” Liturgically, then, the Great Fast ends on the Friday before the Saturday of Lazarus and is exactly forty days long.
In the Roman Rite, Holy Week was included in the Lenten season and the Lenten season was of six-week duration. But later, when the Sundays in Lent were exempt from fasting in the West, Lent became only thirty-six days long. This situation was remedied in the seventh century by adding four more days of fasting at the beginning of the Lenten season with the first day of Lent on Ash Wednesday. This is the reason for the difference in the first day of Lent between the Byzantine Rite and the Roman Rite.

SANCTUARY LIGHT: The Sanctuary Light is requested to burn the week of
February 25 – March 4 by Paul & Marian Rose in memory of brother Michael
Fromel, Jr.

BUILDING FUND: Our thanks to Nannas, Haines & Schiavo, P.A. and David/Margaret Cecoro for their donations to our Parish Building Fund in memory of Florence Kloap.

FIRST DAY OF GREAT LENT: The First day of Lent begins Monday, February 27th. The first day of The Great Fast and Good Friday are days of strict abstinence for Ukrainian Catholics – we are not permitted to eat any meat or dairy products all day long, and we should try to limit our consumption of food. All Fridays during The Great Fast are days of mandatory abstinence from all meat products. Wednesdays are also suggested as days of voluntary abstinence from meat products. Our fasting regulations are optional only for persons older than 59 and younger than 7. Everyone else is obliged to follow the rules of abstinence of our Church.